Our Dermatology Blog

Posts for tag: Dermatologist

Lumps and bumps that are present under the skin should always be checked by a dermatologist. coolsculptingA lump or bump which is new, getting bigger, is tender or painful needs to be checked. Even if it turns out to be nothing, it’s important to know for sure that your lumps and bumps aren’t something more serious. When in doubt, call the board-certified professionals at Warrenton Dermatology. Some of the most common types of skin bumps and lesions include:

Skin Cysts

are common and can appear on all parts of the body. They may occur as a result of injury or infection, around a clogged pore, or around a foreign body like a splinter or even a new earring. Cysts are extremely slow-growing, painless, and they feel smooth. Many people describe their cyst as feeling like there’s a pea stuck below their skin. When a cyst is formed around a foreign body, or if it becomes irritated, inflamed, or filled with fluid, surgical excision may be necessary.

Open & Closed Comedos

commonly referred to as blackheads and whiteheads, occur when oil and skin cells accumulate and block pores. If the clogged pore remains open, it looks black. A closed comedo is typically white in appearance. Often, facial cleansers and topical products are effective in removing or reducing the numbers of blackheads and whiteheads. However, you should never pinch or squeeze the skin to remove them. The Estheticians at Warrenton Dermatology will professionally extract them as part of a deep pore cleansing facial or Hydrafacial treatment.

Cherry Angiomas

take their name from the cherry-red coloring of the bump, and typically impact those over the age of 40. They are usually smooth to the touch, and may be as small as a pinhead or grow as large as a quarter inch in diameter. In most cases, these asymptomatic bumps don’t need to be treated. If you don’t like the appearance of these lesions, they can easily be removed using a Lam Probe or cosmetic laser.

Dermatofibromas

are hard, round, reddish-brown bumps, and they most often occur following an injury (bug bite, bump or bruise, cut or scratch). Dermatofibromas contain scar tissue, so they will feel hard. Some people describe them as feeling like a BB gun pellet stuck below the skin. Usually asymptomatic, they may cause some itching, pain, or tenderness. These typically don’t need to be removed, but they can be surgically removed if they become painful.

Folliculitis

occurs when hair follicles are inflamed. This can happen after using chemical-laden products or due to physical irritation from chafing clothing, shaving, or other causes of friction against sensitive skin. Folliculitis most often occurs in the hair follicles on the face, scalp, and thighs. Treatment usually includes avoiding irritation by wearing loose clothing, avoiding shaving the area, and making changes to shaving methods and products. You may also want to use calming lotion or cortisone cream to relieve the itchiness and inflammation. Some patients experience dramatic improvement in symptoms by simply applying a warm, moist compress to the impacted areas. In some cases, a bacterial or fungal infection may occur in combination with folliculitis and will need to be treated using oral and/or topical antibiotics or antifungals. It is best to work with your Dermatologist to develop a treatment plan for this condition

Keratosis Pilaris

looks like “goosebumps” or “chicken skin bumps.” While it may not be attractive, these small bumps that usually appear on the upper arms and thighs, are completely harmless. Treatment is not medically necessary, but there are some medical-grade topical products to improve the cosmetic appearance of keratosis pilaris (often referred to simply as KP). Most people see a dramatic reduction in the appearance of this condition by the age of 30. Symptoms of KP can be treated at home by moisturizing and exfoliating regularly.

Lipomas

are subcutaneous (below the skin) benign soft tissue tumors. The word tumor can be frightening, but lipomas are usually slow-growing and benign. They can occur anywhere on the body, but lipomas most often appear on the neck, shoulders, and trunk. The majority of lipomas are soft, malleable lumps that don’t grow larger than 5 cm in diameter. While they are typically painless, a lipoma may grow large enough to compress nerves in specific areas. If a lipoma grows large enough to cause cosmetic or functional concerns, we may recommend surgical removal.

When Should I Call Warrenton Dermatology?

If your lesion, bump, or lump isn’t growing and doesn’t itch, hurt, burn, or feel warm to the touch, it’s probably a benign skin condition. Still, we recommend having new growths or bumps on the skin checked by a professional. Lumps and bumps can be cancerous, and the only way to diagnose that is to biopsy it. Dermatologists are specially trained to know which lesions need to be biopsied, which need to be treated or removed, and which can be left alone.

By WARRENTON DERMATOLOGY & SKIN THERAPY CENTER
January 31, 2019
Category: Uncategorized
Tags: Dermatologist   Tips   Skin Care   Dry Skin   Winter  

winterskinThe winter months can be tough on skin. While most people think summer sun exposure is the hardest on the skin, winter can be just as difficult for our skin cells. In cold, dry winter climates, skin is prone to itching and flaking. Without an effective winter skin care routine, you may experience significant discomfort and potential damage throughout the winter season.

Changes in temperature and humidity can negatively impact your skin’s health. The main cause for concern during winter months is dryness. Cold weather usually means decreased humidity. Windy winter weather and use of heaters will further strip the skin of moisture. Dry skin can feel scaly, chapped or tight, and it may even crack open and bleed. Those who suffer from chronic skin conditions like eczema are much more likely to deal with flare-ups during winter months. The main goal of skin care during winter months is to avoid stripping moisture from the skin and take steps to alleviate dryness.

Winter Skincare Tips:

Turn Down the Heat – It’s not just air temperature that effects your skin…water temperature is very important. Turn down the heat in the shower or bath, as hot water can worsen dry skin; and limit your bath and shower time, because prolonged exposure will also dry out your skin. Apply a moisturizer immediately following your shower or bath.

Major Moisturizer - Use a thick, cream-based moisturizer at least twice per day over the entire body. You should apply a moisturizer immediately following your shower or bath and at least one other time during the day. If you start to experience itching or notice cracking and dryness, apply moisturizer to the affected area right away.

Use a Humidifier - Constantly running heaters during the cold, winter months can strip moisture from the skin. Consider installing a furnace humidifier or putting a humidifier in your bedroom. These humidifiers can replace some of the moisture that the heater is stripping from your home.

Cover Up - Exposure to wind, snow, and ice can also negatively impact your skin. Protect your skin by covering it with accessories like gloves, hats and scarves. For sports like skiing and snowboarding, make sure you wear goggles and other barrier clothing to protect your skin from chapping and windburn. If your clothing becomes saturated with water from melting snow or ice, you should find warm, dry clothing as soon as possible.

Drink Water - Dehydration is not a summer-only concern. Drinking water won’t immediately add moisture to the skin, but regularly consuming plenty of water will help to keep skin cells hydrated. Drink at least 64 fluid ounces of water each day, which is about 8 glasses.

Sunscreen All Day, Every Day - Skin that is exposed to the sun, even in limited amounts, should be protected with sunscreen on a daily basis. There are many sunscreens that can serve as an effective daily moisturizer and sunscreen (get EltaMD UV Lotion at Warrenton Dermatology). Look for SPF 30 or higher.

Protect Your Lips - Our lips are just as likely to become dry, chapped and sun exposed as the rest of the body. Apply a liberal coat of balm with sunscreen built in several times throughout the day. Aloe Vera and Vitamin E are often used to heal damaged skin and relieve dryness, as well.

Visit A Skincare Specialist at Warrenton Dermatology – our skincare professionals are here to help you! Schedule a medical visit for treatment of skin issues that flare in the winter, or schedule a complimentary skin care consultation appointment for help in finding the right products and winter skincare routine just for you. 540-341-1900

By WARRENTON DERMATOLOGY & SKIN THERAPY CENTER
January 04, 2018
Category: Skin Care
Tags: Dermatologist   Acne   Skin Care   Pimples  

Your teen years may be several decades behind you, but your skin may not have gotten the message. Acne can affect people at any timeacne in their life; 20% of its sufferers are adults. Regardless of your age, it can be very frustrating to manage by yourself, especially if it's painful and recurrent. The skin care professionals at Warrenton Dermatology and Skin Therapy Center in Warrenton, VA are here to help you understand what acne is and how we can help you treat your condition in this informative article.

What is acne?

The skin contains sebaceous glands to create its own oil, which helps to lubricate the skin and keep it from drying out. However, these secretions of oil can become trapped in the hair follicles, the tiny openings of the skin's surface, and cause lesions to develop from a combination of the oil and dead skin cells. Everyone gets a pimple or blackhead now and again, but when they are numerous and chronic, your Warrenton dermatologist will likely diagnose you with acne. Contrary to what you might have heard, acne isn't a problem associated with too much chocolate or bad hygiene. The causes of acne are thought to be linked to hormones and genetic predisposition.

How is acne treated?

The first line of defense in treating acne at Warrenton Dermatology and Skin Therapy Center is often topical therapies, which can be either over-the-counter or prescription-strength, depending on the severity of your acne. Oral medications that treat the bacteria associated with acne can also be effective. There are other medications that can help to control hormones if your Warrenton dermatologist determines that your acne is due to hormonal imbalances. Your treatment plan will be tailored to your specific needs.

You don't have to live with embarrassing and uncomfortable acne. Contact Warrenton Dermatology and Skin Therapy Center in Warrenton, VA to make an appointment with Dr. Caballero today!

By WARRENTON DERMATOLOGY & SKIN THERAPY CENTER
December 06, 2016
Category: Nail Health
Tags: Dermatologist   nails   healthy nails   nail problems   Tips  

Your nails dry out as you age, losing the natural oils which act as a glue to hold the nail layers together. Exposing your hands to harsh soaps, cleaning products, solvents and rough work makes things worse. At first your nails begin to ‘fray’ on the edges, becoming brittle. Eventually the layers split.  Ironically, “nail hardeners” make this worse, because the alcohols, formaldehyde and other chemicals in those products really dry out your natural oils. So, what can you do about brittle nails?

1. Hydrate and Add Oils. Use creams, oils and ointments on your nails every day, after they've been wet.The best hydrating ingredients for nails are Shea Butter, Jojoba oil, avocado oil, or other rich natural oils.  The thicker the cream the better, and oils or ointments are best. The trick is to use something that stays put for a while and doesn’t just rub off right away. “Bag Balm”, which contains lanolin, is a great option. Always moisturize skin and nails immediately after water exposure; applying moisturizers to dry nails is a waste of time.  Put your moisturizer on within minutes after your bath or shower (or after washing your hands), and do it as often as possible.  
 
2. Clip and file your nails when they're wet. Clipping and filing dry nails makes the splits worse, so always do this after water exposure (i.e. bath or shower).  Towel off the water and then use sharp nail clippers to trim your nails, followed by gently filing the edges.  You can also very gently buff the nail edges to keep the splitting layers from catching on things and progressing down the nail.

3. Wear gloves when you do rough work or get your hands into harsh chemicals.

4. Supplement your diet: Gelatin capsules won’t help you, but vitamin supplements formulated specifically for nail growth (containing biotin) may help. However, many of the ingredients in these supplements are lavishly present in whole foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, natural oils, beans and fish.  Eating a richly nutritious diet is key to supporting healthy nails, and vitamin supplements should be used in addition to, not in place of a healthy diet.

There are diseases that can affect splitting fingernails, the most common being thyroid problems and anemia.  Some skin diseases affect the nails, as well, and can cause splitting.  If your nails don't improve using these easy remedies, we recommend you

Call (540) 341-1900 to make an appointment with
Dr. Caballero, Audrey Ludwig-Bunch, PA-C or Heather Callahan, PA-C
at Warrenton Dermatology & Skin Therapy Center

By Warrenton Dermatology & Skin Therapy Center
February 03, 2016
Category: Skin Care
Tags: Dermatologist  

Do you have stubborn acne that will not go away? How about fine lines or wrinkles you wish were not there? From Botox to skin cancer removal, your dermatologist Juan-Carlos Caballero, M.D. is available for a wide variety of procedures. But what requires a visit to your dermatologist? With help from Warrenton Dermatology & Skin Therapy Center, you can learn what conditions warrant an appointment.Acne

  • Acne: The most obvious reason to see your Warrenton dermatologist Dr. Caballero is acne treatment. Blemishes that do not respond to over-the-counter acne medications often benefit from more aggressive treatment your dermatologist provides.
  • Aging: If you notice fine lines and wrinkles or that your skin is starting to sag, a visit to your dermatologist can revitalize your skin and makes you look and feel great. Treatments are available to smooth and tighten the skin, improve its texture and correct uneven complexions due to sun damage.
  • Cosmetic: Cosmetic treatments could be for you, even if signs of aging are not what is troubling you. We offer procedures to plump your lips or cheeks and prevent wrinkles to keep you looking great.
  • Eczema: Eczema causes inflammation of the skin. This condition most commonly presents in the form of a red, itchy, swollen and dry rash. If you think you have eczema, your doctor can help you understand the condition and determine the best course of action to treat it.
  • Hair loss: Your Warrenton dermatologist uses several tests to determine the cause of your hair loss. Once he has pinpointed the cause, you and your doctor can move forward with a treatment plan.
  • Psoriasis: Caused by weaknesses in the immune system, psoriasis is an irritating and often emotionally distressing condition. Skin cells form up to 10 times too quickly, causing a scale-like area of thick silvery skin to form. These areas, called plaques, are itchy and often painful.
  • Skin cancer: The most common form of cancer, skin cancer, if diagnosed early, has the highest cure rate. If you see a skin growth such as a mole which has changed in color, texture size, thickness or shape, you should see your dermatologist immediately.
  • Rosacea: Rosacea is characterized by redness or red patches on the face, ears and chest. More severe cases involve swelling, skin thickening and bumps occur.

For more information about dermatological conditions and how they are treated, please contact Juan-Carlos Caballero, M.D. at Warrenton Dermatology & Skin Therapy Center in Warrenton, VA. Call (540) 341-1900 to schedule your appointment today!