Posts for tag: Skin rash
Rosacea: What You Need to Know
Rosacea is a skin disorder which causes inflammation and red coloring of the skin, especially on the face. It can also impacts the ears, chest, and back. In addition to a “flushed” appearance, pimples and bumps may accompany the redness. It occurs most commonly in people aged 30-60 with fair skin, and it is now estimated by the National Rosacea Society (NRS) that 16 million Americans suffer from the signs and symptoms of Rosacea. Many celebrities are said to have struggled with Rosacea, including: Princess Diana, Prince William, Cynthia Nixon, Bill Clinton, Renee Zellweger, Rembrandt, W.C. Fields, Cameron Diaz, Sam Smith, and Rosie O’Donnell, to name a few.
Rosacea can cause more than just the classic redness. Due to varying symptoms, this disorder has four subtypes:
- Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea: Redness, flushing, visible blood vessels – looks much like a bad sunburn. Visible blood vessels can turn into spider veins if untreated.
- Papulopustular Rosacea: Redness, swelling, and acne-like breakouts.
- Phymatous Rosacea: Skin thickens and has a bumpy texture, people are often embarrassed of the appearance of their skin.
- Ocular Rosacea: Eyes red and irritated, eyelids swell, sty-like bumps in the eye area.
There are many triggers, such as stress, eating spicy and/or acidic foods, drinking caffeine, dramatic fluctuations in temperature or allergic reaction. So, the first and most important step to controlling the symptoms of Rosacea is lifestyle modifications. It is important to consult with a Board Certified Dermatologist, like Dr. Caballero at Warrenton Dermatology & Skin Therapy Center, to get proper diagnosis and counseling. Oral and/or topical medications may be prescribed, and appropriate skincare products will be recommended by highly trained skincare professionals. The goal is to stabilize the symptoms of your Rosacea. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this disorder and you may experience a recurrence or “flair” at some point.
One of the most effective treatments for facial and chest/décolleté Rosacea is the use of intense pulsed light photo facial, also known as IPL or photo-rejuvenation. It typically requires a series of treatments, and patients experience 50% to 75% or better control of their symptoms.
Successful treatment can be life changing for a Rosacea patient. This is what one of our patients had to say (her before and after photo accompanies this article): “I always thought I had acne – then I was diagnosed with Rosacea by Heather Callahan, PA-C at Warrenton Dermatology. I followed her treatment plan and started topical medications, as well as a series of IPL treatments. Now my Rosacea is under control and I can’t believe how great my skin looks.”
If you think you may have Rosacea, call Warrenton Dermatology at (540) 341-1900 for an appointment to find out for sure. We can help!
Also called “dermatitis,” eczema refers to several different rash-like conditions where the skin is inflamed, red and irritated. The most severe and long-lasting type of eczema is atopic dermatitis. During a flare-up, the skin becomes extremely red, itchy and scaly. This skin condition can be widespread, or may be confined to only a few areas on the body. Eczema is not contagious, although if you have a family history of eczema, your risk for the disease increases. Generally, atopic dermatitis affects infants or young children and may last until the child reaches adulthood.
The appearance and symptoms for atopic dermatitis will vary for each person. Intense itching is the most common symptom, which can lead to severe discomfort and/or loss of sleep. Other common symptoms of eczema include:
- Dry, red and extremely itchy patches of skin
- Cracked, inflamed and scaly skin
- Small bumps or blisters that ooze and weep
- In infants, the rash generally appears on the cheeks and around the mouth
Eczema outbreaks are caused by an over-reaction of your skin’s immune system to environmental and emotional triggers, such as temperature, chemicals, dust, mold or stress. While there is currently no cure, eczema sufferers can practice self-care at home to help reduce flare-ups. Lifestyle adjustments are the best line of defense in controlling all types of eczema. Goals of treatment include reducing inflammation, decreasing risk of infection and alleviating the itch. To minimize symptoms and outbreaks:
- Moisturize every day to prevent dryness and cracking
- Limit contact with irritants, such as soaps, jewelry, and detergents
- Avoid sudden changes in temperatures, as over-heating and sweating are common triggers of flare-ups
- Reduce stress and anxiety
- Minimize exposure to mold, pollens and animal dander
- Opt for cotton, loose-fitting clothes and avoid wool and other rough materials
Treatment for eczema begins with a proper diagnosis from a board certified dermatologist. If you are diagnosed with eczema, the dermatologist can explain your type of eczema and can work with you to tailor a treatment plan that meets your individual needs to effectively manage the symptoms. If you or a loved one are struggling with eczema, contact Warrenton Dermatology & Skin Therapy Center at (540) 341-1900 to schedule an appointment with one of our Board Certified Dermatology Specialists for help.
Summer may be winding down, but we are still spending a lot of time outdoors. As such, we will continue to be exposed to biting insects, like mosquitoes. With increasing concern about the spread of the Zika virus in the United States, it is more important than ever to know the safest and most effective way to protect your family.
Skin rash is among the symptoms of Zika virus disease, according to the World Health Organization. Other symptoms include mild fever, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or headache. These symptoms typically last from two to seven days.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is urging people to take steps to prevent mosquito bites with such things as ample clothing and insect repellents registered with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). According to the CDC, the repellents should have one of the following active ingredients: DEET, picaridin, IR3535, oil of lemon eucalyptus or para-menthane- diol. DEET has demonstrated that it is the best insect repellent readily available to the consumer, and in a 20% to 50% concentration, it is effective and safe.
Consumer Reports tested repellents specifically against the Aedesspecies mosquito, which spreads the Zika virus. They found that the most effective products were Off! Deep Woods, which contains 25% DEET, as well as Sawyer Picaridin Insect Repellant and Natrapel 8 Hour, each containing 20% picaridin. These products provided protection for about eight hours, and were just as effective as products with higher chemical concentrations.