Posts for tag: Winter
When the temperature dips below freezing, it’s critical to protect your skin from cold-weather health risks. Frostbite occurs when the skin (and sometimes the tissue beneath the skin) freezes due to prolonged exposure to cold temperatures. Depending on how long and how frozen the tissue, frostbite can result in severe, sometimes permanent, damage.
To stay warm and prevent frostbite, follow these tips from dermatologists:
Dress in loose, light, comfortable layers: Wearing loose, light layers helps trap warm air. The first layer should be made of a synthetic material, which wicks moisture away from your body. The next layer should be insulating. Wool and fleece are good insulators and hold in more body heat than cotton. The top layer should be windproof and waterproof. A down parka and ski pants can help keep you dry and warm during outdoor activities.
Protect your feet and toes: To protect your feet and toes, wear two pairs of socks. The first pair, next to your skin, should be made of moisture-wicking fabric. Place a pair of wool or wool-blend socks on top of those. Your boots should also provide adequate insulation. They should be waterproof and cover your ankles. Make sure that nothing feels tight, as tight clothing increases the risk of frostbite.
Protect your head: To protect your ears and head, wear a heavy wool or fleece hat. If you are outside on a bitterly cold day, cover your face with a scarf or face mask. This warms the air you breathe and helps prevent frostbite on your nose and face.
Protect your hands: Wear insulated mittens or gloves to help protect your hands from the cold.
Make sure snow cannot get inside of your boots or clothing: Wet clothing increases the risk of developing frostbite. Before heading outdoors, make sure that snow cannot easily get inside of your boots or clothing. While outdoors, if you start to sweat, cut back on your activity or unzip your jacket a bit.
Keep yourself hydrated: Becoming dehydrated also increases the risk of developing frostbite. Even if you are not thirsty, drink at least one glass of water before you head outside, and always drink water or a sports drink before an outdoor workout. In addition, avoid alcohol, as it increases your risk for frostbite.
Recognize the symptoms: In order to detect frostbite early, when it’s most treatable, it’s important to recognize the symptoms. The first signs of frostbite include redness and a stinging, burning, throbbing or prickling sensation followed by numbness. If this occurs, head indoors immediately.
If you experience symptoms of frostbite, try to gradually bring feeling back into the body. Never rub frostbitten skin or submerge your hands or feet directly into hot water; use warm water or a warm washcloth instead. If you do not feel sensation returning to your body, or if the skin begins to turn gray, go to an emergency room immediately.
The winter months can be tough on skin. While most people think summer sun exposure is the hardest on the skin, winter can be just as difficult for our skin cells. In cold, dry winter climates, skin is prone to itching and flaking. Without an effective winter skin care routine, you may experience significant discomfort and potential damage throughout the winter season.
Changes in temperature and humidity can negatively impact your skin’s health. The main cause for concern during winter months is dryness. Cold weather usually means decreased humidity. Windy winter weather and use of heaters will further strip the skin of moisture. Dry skin can feel scaly, chapped or tight, and it may even crack open and bleed. Those who suffer from chronic skin conditions like eczema are much more likely to deal with flare-ups during winter months. The main goal of skin care during winter months is to avoid stripping moisture from the skin and take steps to alleviate dryness.
Winter Skincare Tips:
Turn Down the Heat – It’s not just air temperature that effects your skin…water temperature is very important. Turn down the heat in the shower or bath, as hot water can worsen dry skin; and limit your bath and shower time, because prolonged exposure will also dry out your skin. Apply a moisturizer immediately following your shower or bath.
Major Moisturizer - Use a thick, cream-based moisturizer at least twice per day over the entire body. You should apply a moisturizer immediately following your shower or bath and at least one other time during the day. If you start to experience itching or notice cracking and dryness, apply moisturizer to the affected area right away.
Use a Humidifier - Constantly running heaters during the cold, winter months can strip moisture from the skin. Consider installing a furnace humidifier or putting a humidifier in your bedroom. These humidifiers can replace some of the moisture that the heater is stripping from your home.
Cover Up - Exposure to wind, snow, and ice can also negatively impact your skin. Protect your skin by covering it with accessories like gloves, hats and scarves. For sports like skiing and snowboarding, make sure you wear goggles and other barrier clothing to protect your skin from chapping and windburn. If your clothing becomes saturated with water from melting snow or ice, you should find warm, dry clothing as soon as possible.
Drink Water - Dehydration is not a summer-only concern. Drinking water won’t immediately add moisture to the skin, but regularly consuming plenty of water will help to keep skin cells hydrated. Drink at least 64 fluid ounces of water each day, which is about 8 glasses.
Sunscreen All Day, Every Day - Skin that is exposed to the sun, even in limited amounts, should be protected with sunscreen on a daily basis. There are many sunscreens that can serve as an effective daily moisturizer and sunscreen (get EltaMD UV Lotion at Warrenton Dermatology). Look for SPF 30 or higher.
Protect Your Lips - Our lips are just as likely to become dry, chapped and sun exposed as the rest of the body. Apply a liberal coat of balm with sunscreen built in several times throughout the day. Aloe Vera and Vitamin E are often used to heal damaged skin and relieve dryness, as well.
Visit A Skincare Specialist at Warrenton Dermatology – our skincare professionals are here to help you! Schedule a medical visit for treatment of skin issues that flare in the winter, or schedule a complimentary skin care consultation appointment for help in finding the right products and winter skincare routine just for you. 540-341-1900
Winter means battling harsh weather conditions and even harsher skin conditions. This means that you will need to have a seasonal skincare shift:
Exfoliate and Hydrate
For most people, winter brings dry, dehydrated skin to the forefront. However, proper exfoliation must be accomplished before serious hydration can occur. Dead skin cells, sebum, product accumulation, and makeup debris block the pores and prevent moisturizing products from actually doing their jobs. Unfortunately, the granular exfoliating scrubs most often found over-the-counter can compound dryness, or worse - cause micro-tearing of the skin, which may lead to a whole bunch of new skin care issues. If you are going to exfoliate at home, we recommend Finishing Touch, by Revision Skincare. This weekly exfoliating facial scrub contains ultra-fine Polynesian Volcanic Black Sand and Freshwater Silt to deeply cleanse, polish and nourish the skin. It also contains Shea Butter – a rich, natural emollient to condition and hydrate.
Professional Microdermabrasion and mild Peels are the best options to address a number of skin concerns. Unlike scrubs and everyday products, microdermabrasion and peels will remove several layers of the epidermis in one session, and will allow for more intense hydration which could never be achieved with a home remedy. The treatment is also affordable, fast and effective, with no downtime afterward. The best time for microdermabrasion or a peel is when you can stay out of the sun for a few days. Although these are non-invasive treatments, they do leave the skin vulnerable to the sun’s strong rays, so cold weather months when we spend more time indoors are a wonderful time to start a series of treatments, as long as you are still using your sunscreen.
Renew and Repair
During the summer, many people develop dark spots and fine lines from all the time spent in the sun. Microdermabrasion and peels are also recommended to repair these conditions and to naturally boost production of collagen and elastin. Skin naturally repairs itself, but as we grow older we produce far less of the good stuff that keeps us looking young. Regular professional treatments can be a very effective method of staving off the signs of aging by advancing the production of important proteins in the skin.
You still need sunscreen protection in the winter months! It may not be hot outside, but your skin is still being exposed to the sun’s rays. It’s easy to protect your face with an all-in-one daily moisturizer with sunscreen and antioxidants, which takes care of all your daytime hydration and protection needs in one quick and easy step. We recommend Total Defense + Repair by SkinMedica, or Intellishade by Revision Skincare, both of which are available at Warrenton Dermatology.
To protect your entire body, try EltaMD’s UV Lotion – a full-body moisturizer with SPF 30 sun protection. Apply to moist skin just after showering for maximum effectiveness.
Call Warrenton Dermatology & Skin Therapy Center at 540-341-1900 today to book a treatment, or schedule a complimentary consultation to talk about your winter skincare needs and which of these treatment options might be right for you